A web hosting server is a computer that stores the files of a website and makes them accessible to internet users. When you type in a website’s address, the domain name is translated into an IP address and the browser connects to the corresponding web server and requests the files that make up the website.
Web hosting servers can be either physical or virtual. Physical servers are actual computers with all the associated hardware, such as CPU, memory, and hard drives. Virtual servers are created using software and run on top of physical servers. Both types of servers serve the same purpose, but virtual servers are more common because they are more flexible and easier to manage.
There are three main types of web hosting servers: shared, dedicated, and cloud.
Shared servers are the most common type of web hosting server. They are called “shared” because they host multiple websites on a single server. All of the websites sharing the server compete for resources, such as CPU and memory. Shared servers are typically used by small businesses and individual website owners because they are less expensive than dedicated servers.
Dedicated servers are just what they sound like—a server that is dedicated to a single website. This means that the website has exclusive use of the server’s resources. Dedicated servers are more expensive than shared servers, but they offer better performance because there is no competition for resources. Dedicated servers are typically used by large businesses with high-traffic websites.
Cloud servers are a newer type of server that combines features of both shared and dedicated servers. Cloud servers are hosted on a network of physical servers and have access to more resources than any single server could provide. This makes them more scalable and reliable than traditional web hosting solutions. Cloud servers are typically used by businesses with large-scale websites or those that need to be able to scale their resources up or down quickly to meet changing demand.
Web hosting servers come in many different shapes and sizes, but they all serve the same basic purpose—to store the files of a website and make them accessible to internet users. The three main types of web hosting servers are shared, dedicated, and cloud. Which type is right for your business will depend on your budget, your website’s traffic levels, and your scalability needs.